Ardabil

6ft 6in x 9ft 10in
Circa 21st Century
Item #: 00036

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Description

Ardabil rugs originated from the province of Ardabil in northwestern Iran, 639 kilometers from Tehran. Ardabil has a long and illustrious history of Azerbijani carpet weaving. The reign of the Safavid Dynasty in the 16th and 17th centuries represented the peak of Azerbijiani carpet making in the region. The name Ardabil comes from the Avesta (the sacred book of Zoroastrians) with the word Artavil literally meaning a tall holy place. Weavers in Ardabil ply their craft using Azerbijiani knots. One of the most famous carpets in existence today is a pair of Persian carpets from Ardabil. This carpet, measuring 34 ft. by 17 ft., is hanging on display in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, England.

Ardabil rugs feature motifs that are very similar to Caucasian rugs, but with more motifs and objects woven into the borders. The colors are also lighter. The patterns are predominantly geometric and the most common layouts on Ardabil rugs are medallions, multiple connected diamond-shaped medallions, and all-over octagonal shapes. The most recognized design found on Ardabil rugs is famous Mahi (Herati) design - a diamond medallion and small fish throughout. Some modern weavers have begun to favor bold geometric patterns over the traditional Mahi (Herati) design and have added colors such as turquoise and purple to the more traditional red, pink, ivory, green, and blue.

The warp on Ardabil rugs is mostly cotton, while the weft is either cotton or wool, although silk is also used as weft on fine Ardabil rugs. The highly skilled weavers may also incorporate silk into the woolen pile in order to accentuate some highlights in the pattern. These fabulous rugs are available in all sizes. Their almost nomadic appearance enhances contemporary, traditional, and modern decors. Ardabil rugs includes the following widely known carpets: "Ardabil", "Sheikh Safi", "Serabi", "Shah Abbasi", and "Mir".